What is back pain? Understanding its Causes and Treatment

By - Jaipur Rehab
On  January 17, 2023

Millions of people over the world are affected by back pain. It is characterized by discomfort or pain in the back, ranging from a mild ache to severe, disabling pain. Back pain can occur in any part of the spine, but low back pain is the most common type.

As the name is self-explanatory, low back pain is a pain in the lower part of the spine, typically between the bottom of the ribcage and the top of the legs. It can result from an injury, strain, or overuse of the muscles and ligaments that support the back. Common causes of low back pain include herniated discs, sciatica, degenerative disc disease, muscle strain, and arthritis.

In most cases, back pain can be treated without surgery. Non-surgical treatments for back pain include pain medication, physiotherapy from a well-versed physiotherapist, exercises, chiropractic care, acupuncture, and massage therapy. However, surgery may be necessary to treat back pain if the condition is more severe. Surgical options for low back pain include lumbar microdiscectomy, lumbar spinal fusion, lumbar laminectomy, and artificial disc replacement.

This blog post will explore some of the most common reasons for back pain and the non-surgical treatment options. So let's begin.

Common Symptoms of Back Pain:

1. Herniated discs

Herniated discs occur when the jellylike center of a spinal disc pushes out through a tear of the disc, causing pain and discomfort. Herniated discs can cause low back pain and pressure on the nerve roots, causing sciatica.

2. Sciatica

Do you feel constant tingling and numbness in the legs? It may be sciatica. It is caused by a herniated disc or other spinal problem. In this condition, you will usually feel pain in the lower back, radiating down to both one or both legs.

3. Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease occurs when the spinal discs that cushion the vertebrae begin to break down and lose their flexibility, causing pain and discomfort. This is a natural part of aging and is more common in older adults.

4. Muscle strain

Muscle strain is another common reason for back pain. This occurs when the muscles and ligaments that support the back are overused, stretched, or torn, causing pain and discomfort. This can happen suddenly, as a result of a sudden movement, or it can occur over time due to repetitive strain.

5. Aching and stiffness

Aching and stiffness are two of the most common symptoms of back pain. This pain may be felt in the lower, upper, or middle back and may be accompanied by stiffness, especially in the morning or after periods of inactivity.

Non-surgical treatments for back pain

Many people seek effective treatments to reduce or eliminate back pain symptoms. While surgery is an option for some, many people prefer to explore non-surgical treatments that can help manage their pain and improve their quality of life.

1. Physiotherapy and exercises

Physiotherapy plays an important role in treating back pain, and when combined with exercises, it is among the most effective non-surgical treatments. A physiotherapist can help you develop an individualized exercise program that addresses your specific needs and helps you build strength and flexibility. This can reduce the risk of future back injuries and help you manage your pain more effectively.

2. Acupuncture

Acupuncture is another non-surgical treatment for back pain. It is an ancient Chinese practice where thin needles are inserted into specific points along the body's energy pathways. Acupuncture has been shown to help relieve pain, improve function, and enhance the overall quality of life for many people with back pain.

3. Massage therapy

Massage therapy is another effective non-surgical treatment for back pain. Massage can help reduce muscle tension, increase circulation, and promote relaxation, all of which can help relieve pain and improve overall function. A massage therapist can also work with you to develop a therapeutic massage regimen tailored to your specific needs.

Many non-surgical treatments are available to help relieve back pain, and the best treatment will depend on the specific cause of your pain. However, with the right combination of treatments, most people with back pain can reduce or eliminate their symptoms and return to normal activities.

If you are experiencing back pain, it is crucial to seek treatment from a qualified medical professional. Your healthcare provider can help you determine the cause of your pain and recommend the most appropriate treatment options for your needs. With the right treatment, most people with back pain can reduce or eliminate their symptoms and return to normal activities. So, taking care of your back and seeking treatment if you are experiencing pain is important.

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